Kedron (Ananias Davisson)

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  • (Posted 2017-11-18)  CPDL #47430:   
Editor: Barry Johnston (submitted 2017-11-18).   Score information: Unknown, 1 page, 49 kB   Copyright: Public Domain
Edition notes: Note heads in four-shape format, as originally published by Davisson in 1817. Seven more half-stanzas from Wesley's hymn included.

General Information

Title: Kedron
Composer: Ananias Davisson
Lyricist: Charles Wesley

Number of voices: 4vv   Voicing: SATB

Genre: Sacred

Language: English
Instruments: A cappella

{{Published}} is obsolete (code commented out), replaced with {{Pub}} for works and {{PubDatePlace}} for publications.

Description: This version is of Ananias Danisson's Garland from 1817, with Charles Wesley's original words from 1762.

The tune was first published by Amos Pilsbury for four parts in his United States Sacred Harmony, 1799, without attribution. Arranged by Elkanah Dare for three parts in 1813; then by Ananias Davisson for four parts in 1816 and again in 1817, the latter as Garland (with different words by Isaac Watts, "How pleasant, how divinely fair"). It was arranged again by Alexander Johnson for four parts in 1818; this arrangement became the basis for the three-part versions in Southern Harmony, 1835 (p. 3) and The Sacred Harp, 1844 (p. 48). The complex history of this tune is discussed at length by David Music (1995); he concludes that Pilsbury arranged a folk tune obtained orally or from an unattributed manuscript.

The words Pilsbury (1799) used are the first stanza of Hymn 686 by Charles Wesley, 1762, altered; they were further altered by William Walker (1835), so that the line reads

Thou man of grief, remember me;
Thou never canst thyself forget
Thy last expiring agony,
Thy fainting pangs, and bloody sweat.

Wesley's hymn is four stanzas, each 88. 88. D (L.M.D.); Pilsbury and all successive versions of this tune have used only half of this meter, that is, 88. 88 (L.M.).

A folk hymn, derived from one or several folk songs (Jackson 1953b, No. 57).

External websites:

Original text and translations

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